Swedes and turnips are biennial plants grown commercially as annuals for their edible bulbous taproot and can also be eaten as a leaf vegetable. The two vegetables are often confused, but they do have some minor differences. Swedes present greyish green, deeply lobed, non hairy leaves with a distinct neck between the leaf and swollen root. Swedes typically produce much larger, elongated roots with a yellow base whereas the turnip is completely white. They are also grouped together because of their similarities in climate requirements and cultivation.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Both vegetables can be successfully grown in all three climates.

    Swedes and turnips can be grown throughout the year. But the highest yields are achieved when sown in summer and autumn to mature in winter and spring.

    Plants may present more bolting in late autumn plantings.

    Most free draining soils are suitable for growing swedes and turnips.

    They grow best in soil that is slightly acid to neutral.

    Swedes tend to tolerate frosts whereas turnips may be slightly damaged.

    Turnips tend to have a shorter growing time.

    Soil should be prepared the same way as for carrots.

    The seed is direct sown at 10 - 15 mm deep at rates of 2 - 4 kg/ha.

    Plants are typically spaced at 30cm between rows and are later hand thinned to 10 - 15 cm between plants within the rows.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre Plant 

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¾-1 cup (150-200g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 2kg/10m row 

    Comments: Fertiliser should be applied along furrows in row positions.


    Stage: Side Dress

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¼ cup (40-70g)/m² 

    Commercial Use: 500-800g/10m row

    Comments: Apply when thinning out is completed and again 4 weeks later.


Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.