Potato

Potato

Potatoes are Australia's largest vegetable crop, accounting for well over a third of total vegetable production. The cooler states of South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania account for about three quarters of the total crop.

The potato is classified according to the length of time in which it takes to mature. New potatoes or “earlies” are ready for harvesting first, then “second earlies” and finally “main crops”.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Potatoes should be planted in an open, well drained site and does best when plenty of organic matter is mixed in throughout the bed.

    The ideal soil temperature for potato growth is between 15° and 20°C. You should avoid planting potatoes in climates where temperatures are below 10°C or above 26.5°C.

    The potato needs to be planted in the ground in spring and harvested in either summer or autumn depending on crop variety.

    Potatoes must not be planted in the same place from one year to the next as this can increase the risk for disease. It is wise to devise a crop rotation plan to move potatoes into another site if you plan to grow year after year.

    Keep potatoes well-watered. A good indicator is to check if the soil is damp enough to stick to your fingers.

    Crop rotation should be practised to reduce build-up of nematodes in the soil. Do not plant in the bed if you have previously grown tomatoes, capsicums and eggplants.

    Dig a trench for the seed potatoes about 30 - 40cm wide and 10 - 20cm deep. Put seed potatoes 20 - 30cm apart in the trench, shoot-side up.

    Apply a heavy layer of mulch to suppress weeds, prevent potato moth, to help keep the soil cool and to increase moisture retention.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Planting "Heavy Alluvial Soils"

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ½-¾cup (100-150g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 1-2kg/10m row (Dry Land), 0.7-1.2kg/10m row (Irrigated)

    Comments: Fertiliser should be applied as a band, planting at a distance of 5cm to the side, slightly below the seed.

     

    Stage: Planting "Red & Light Sandy Soils"

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¾-1 cup (150-200g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 1.6-2.7kg/10m row (Dry Land), 1.2-1.8kg/10m row (Irrigated)

    Comments: As above.

     

    Stage: Side Dress

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¼-¾ cup (50-150g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 1.4-2.2kg/10m row (Dry Land), 1.2-1.8kg/10m row (Irrigated)

    Comments: Apply within one month of emergence in a band or spun on prior to irrigation or hilling. 

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.