Legumes

Legumes

The legume family contain species producing seeds more commonly known as beans. In general, beans are warm season annuals that may be either grown as a bush variety or as a vine, containing either white, yellow, red or purple flowers. The seed itself is the most differentiating characteristic of the bean plants. The seeds produced can be found in various colours such as white, yellow, black, red, tan, cream coloured or even mottled. The seeds are either grown in straight or curved pods.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Legumes in general, like a warm, sunny position.

    Ideal temperatures for good quality yields are between 16°C to 30°C.

    Legumes thrive when planted in reasonably fertile, well drained soil.

    Provide plenty of well rotted compost or manure throughout the prepared ‘bean trenches’ before planting.

    Requires plenty of water so that the soil is moist at all times. However, do not overwater as this will cause excessive vegetative growth.

    Mulch around young plants to help retain soil moisture.

    They also need to be sheltered from wind, especially the climbing varieties which are prone to being rather top heavy.

    Best growth is achieved when plants undergo a frost free period of 120 days.

    Weed management is an important factor for quality and good yields.

    Tall varieties of beans should be supported with stakes whilst dwarf varieties can be left to trail on the ground by using pea sticks.

    In small backyards, it is ideal to plant out in large containers provided a support is available to climb up.

    Plants can be encouraged to produce more bean pods, simply by pinching out the growing tips.

    Good air circulation is extremely important when growing in warm climates to minimise the chance of fungal disease.

    For ease of harvesting, plant in a way that allows access to both sides of the row.

    Most beans are planted in spring and summer, except broad beans which are best grown throughout autumn and winter.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Planting

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¼ cup (50g)/m²

    Commercial Use: Up to 700g/10m row

    Comments: Apply in seed drill 2cm below seed at planting and in 3cm band. Application rate can be increased by 50% in poor soils.

     

    Stage: Side Dress 

    Product: Dinofert Premium Organic Pellets 

    Gardener Use: ¼ cup (50g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 500g/10m row

    Comments: Side dress once at 7 days after emergence and again, when the at the green bud stage. Dinofert Premium Organic Pellets should be applied at early flowering for a once over harvest crop will be too late. Precise timing of the side dress must fit in with other management practices especially irrigation, cultivation and plant protection.

    Increase rates by 50% when using Dinofert Standard Pellets or Dinofert Organic Fertiliser Pellets.

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.