Cucurbits

Cucurbits

Cucurbits are a group of vegetables that range from some of the smallest to some of the very largest. The Cucurbit family include melons, pumpkins, squash, cucumbers, gherkins and zucchini.
 
The growing of these vegetables occurs throughout all states of Australia with some important production locations being the Burdekin region (north Queensland), Murrumbidgee irrigation region (south-west New South Wales) primarily for field production in mainly melons and pumpkins. The outer Sydney and Adelaide metropolitan areas have been the major sources of greenhouse cucumber production in Australia.

Most of the plants in the Cucurbit family are annual vines that will readily clamber over whatever supports you can find them.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Plenty of space should be allowed for sprawling vines.

    All members of the family share one thing in common: they are extremely thirsty and to grow them successfully you must plant them in rich, fertile soil and provide plenty of water.

    Plants of this genus require a warm sheltered sunny site.

    Cucurbits are very sensitive to frost.

    A trellis system is a great idea for helping keep foliage and fruit elevated above the soil surface which helps minimise leaf disease and prevents fruit rot.

    Like most vine crops, cucurbits will benefit from mulching.

    Pinching out the tips of young plants will encourage branching.

    The best time to sow seeds is in Mid Spring – Summer.

    Take care when planting out cucurbits as these plants can be easily set back by root disturbance.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre Plant

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¾-1¼ cups (150-250g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 1.5 - 2.5kg/10m row

    Comments: Apply as a band 5cm below seed, well worked in prior to planting on low. On low phosphorus soils that have not been previously cropped, a pre plant application of superphosphate is most recommended. Soils with structural and salt problems should be treated with gypsum prior to planting.

     

    Stage: Side Dress

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ½ cups (80-110g)/m² 

    Commercial Use: Up to 1.2kg/10m row  

    Comments: Broadcast when plants begin to run.

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.