All peppers are members of the capsicum family and are native to the Americas where they have been cultivated for thousands of years for their strong, spicy, flavour enhancing properties. Capsicum plants typically grow to 60-80cm high and are bushy, flowering, semi-perennials that are grown as annuals in cultivation.

The capsicum is a versatile crop where it is used in various cooking applications such as in salads, baked dishes, stuffed dishes, stews, pizzas, cheeses, pickles, stir fries and for stuffing olives. 

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Capsicums grow all year round in warm tropical/subtropical climates. These plants will still grow in temperate to cool regions, but may not develop as well as those in warmer areas.

    They need heat and humidity over a five month growing period in order to produce high yields.

    Capsicum plants need a sheltered sunny position, with light well drained fertile soil that retains its moisture. They can be grown in the ground or they can make as an attractive container plant.

    The capsicum plant is frost tender so protection may be required in cooler climates where there is threat of frosts.

    Capsicum plants can be used green but are not as sweet.

    Capsicums and chillies also need frequent spraying to produce good yields and fruit quality.

    Sowing or planting seedlings can commence two weeks after last frost (early spring).

    Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. Sow seeds 50cm apart within the row, and space each row 75cm – 1m apart. Chilli pepper plants which do not grow so large can be planted at closer intervals.

    Dry periods may cause shedding of flowers and young fruits, and blossom end rot on the fruit. It is therefore important to water twice daily (early morning, early evening) in hot weather.

    Capsicums and chillies do not usually require any pruning or support.

    Stakes or single horizontal wire trellising may be necessary for plants that are heavy cropping or exposed to windy sites.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

     Stage: Seed Bed

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 1 - 1½ cup (200-280g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 2 - 3kg/10m row

    Comments: Thoroughly mix fertiliser with soil 2 – 3 weeks before planting. The earlier in the season you can start in temperate zones, the better your chances of fruits ripening fully.


    Stage: Side Dress

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ½-¾ cup (90-140g)/m²

    Commercial Use: 0.8-1.6kg/10m row

    Comments: Apply 4 – 6 weeks after planting the capsicums. If plants are grown using trickle irrigation, fertiliser can be applied through trickle lines (fertigation). Feed frequently whilst young and reduce feeding as the fruits begins to set.



Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.