‘Stone fruit’ is the common term used for several fruits of the Prunus species as they contain a hard pit or stone that is rather large in the centre. The Prunus genus includes several fruiting plants: almond, apricot, cherry, nectarine, peach and plum. Stone fruits are generally, medium sized, deciduous trees or shrubs that are prized ornamentals for their magnificent clusters of white, pink, or crimson flowers when in bloom, along with an extravagant leaf colour in autumn.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Stone fruit enjoy being grown in cool, temperate and Mediterranean climates. Cherries prefer cold and cool temperate, arid climates where they are exposed to much colder winters and longer chilling hours.

    Stone fruits vary from low chill (up to 450hrs) to high chill (800+ hrs). Always seek advice from your local supplier on the varieties that best grow in your area.

    Choose a frost free location.

    Ensure that plants are protected from windy areas.

    Deep, well drained soil that is rich in nutrients is essential for growing healthy, productive trees.  If you have soils with standing water, stone fruits can be planted by providing raised mounds 20-30cm high x 2.5-3m wide.

    Plentiful sunlight is ideal for maximum fruit production. Plant your tree in a location that receives most or all day sun.

    Prior to planting, thoroughly prepare the plant site by deeply cultivating, either by hand or with a rototiller.
    When planting, dig the hole so that it is just large enough for the plants root system to be spread in its natural position (set at same depth as the nursery container). There is no need to provide a larger hole unless the soil is extremely poor.

    Set plants at least 4-6m apart to allow for good air circulation between trees. Distances will vary according to cultivar, growing climate and soil conditions.
    Plant out in winter to allow for root development before spring growth.

    Water the plants every 3 weeks. Throughout the warmer parts of the year, a weekly, deep soaking is ideal for maintaining good tree health and for the production of large fruits.

    Open centre system is the best pruning method for stone fruits. Prune to control shape, develop a strong, well balanced framework of branches.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre-plant

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 20+ cups (4-5kg)

    Commercial Use: 5kg

    Comments: Apply 3 - 6 weeks prior to planting to an area 1m across at each site and incorporate to about 20cm deep.


    Stage: < 4yrs

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 5-20 cups (1-4kg)

    Commercial Use: 4kg

    Comments: Apply 1kg per tree every year of growth up to a total of 4kg, split in mid autumn (1/3) and mid spring (2/3) and lightly chip in.


    Stage: Bearing Trees

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 20+ cups (4-6kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 6kg

    Comments: Broadcast in mid spring for trees carrying heavier or lighter crops than average, increase or decrease the second application rate proportionately by up to 50%. Apply the full amount (6kg) every 3 years. Make sure the fertiliser is not placed directly against the trunk. 


Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.