Persimmon

Persimmon

Native to China the persimmon is a handsome, deciduous, swift growing ornamental with a twisted trunk and well branched canopy of drooping foliage. In general, persimmons are categorised as either those that bear astringent fruit until they are soft ripe and those that bear nonastringent fruit. Usually the fruits are light yellow-orange to dark red in colour and are either spherical or flat bottomed with a squat shaped structure. As autumn deepens, one can still picture the ripened fruits vividly by the similar colour display of the deep rich red falling leaves.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Persimmons are most suited to subtropical through to cold climates.

    Place in an open, full sun location that allows for some air movement.

    Persimmons will withstand a wide range of soil conditions from light sandy loams to heavy alluvial clays, as long as they are not overly salty.

    Yields poor quality fruits if soil is not free draining as they do not like getting their “feet” wet.

    Tolerant to short periods of drought, but fruits are much better quality and larger when given ample watering.

    Shelter from strong winds as the fruits which are borne at the tips of the branches can be too heavy for some trees and are likely to break off if exposed to winds.

    Keep plants protected from frosts as this can severely damage fruit crops.

    Does not really require much pruning except just a light yearly prune to enhance new growth which is where the fruits will be borne. However, they can handle being heavily pruned to form a hedge or to control size. If you do plan to shape your plant, an open vase method is the preferred choice for persimmons.

    Best to plant during the cooler months to give your persimmon the chance to get properly established before the next summer.

    Persimmon requires a deeper planting hole than most fruit trees due to having a large tap root. It is recommended to plant 1 ½ times the depth of the nursery container.

    Plant spacing should be approximately 3-4m apart.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre Plant

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Commercial Use: 6kg/site

    Comments: Commercial growers should apply 2-4 months prior to planting to an area 2m across at each site and incorporate to about 15cm deep. Plant your persimmon in spring.

     

    Stage: Planting

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 250-750g

    Comments: Mix half of the application in thoroughly with soil at the bottom of the planting hole and the rest should be scattered evenly on the surface of the soil around the tree once the hole has been filled.

     

    Stage: Young & Mature Trees

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

     

    Fertiliser Usage

    Year 1

    Late Winter: 600g
    Mid Spring: 300g
    Early Summer: 300g
    Late Summer: Nil

    Year 2

    Late Winter: 1.2kg
    Mid Spring: 600g
    Early Summer: 600g
    Late Summer: Nil

    Year 3

    Late Winter: 2.4kg
    Mid Spring: 1.2kg
    Early Summer: 1.2kg
    Late Summer: 850g

    Year 4

    Late Winter: 4.5kg
    Mid Spring: 2.5kg
    Early Summer: 2.5kg
    Late Summer: 850g

    Year 5+

    Late Winter: 6kg
    Mid Spring: 3kg
    Early Summer: 3kg
    Late Summer: 850g

    Comments: Where tree sites are prepared correctly, no fertiliser will be required in the first 12 months. Nitrogen applications should be reduced where dehiscence or fruit drop is evident.

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.