The pecan is a large, fast growing, vase shaped, deciduous tree that is native to southern states of America. The pecan is not truly a nut, but is actually a drupe, a fruit containing a single stone or pit that is surrounded by a husk. The husks are produced from the exocarp tissue of the flower, whereas the part known as the nut develops from the endocarp, containing the seed. The nut itself is dark brown in colour, oval to oblong shaped and starts out green, eventually turning brown once fully matured, at which time it then splits, releasing the thin-shelled nut.

The pecan is eaten as either fresh or cooked and is described as having a rich, buttery flavour.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    The pecan is suited to sub tropical climates where the tree undergoes short, cold winters and enjoys long, hot summers.

    Pecan trees prefer light to medium textured soils.

    Pecans perform equally well in arid and humid climates.

    Plants grown in areas that are very humid with high summer rainfall may be subject to fungal disease.

    During the warmer parts of the year, the pecan needs high temperatures for good fruit growth.

    Trees are fairly cold hardy. However, young trees may be killed outright by temperatures of -5 °C.

    In general, pecans need about 200 frost free days for proper nut development. Late spring or early autumn frosts may impact on yields.

    It is essential that pecans are given an adequate supply of water during the growing season in order to produce high yields of good quality, well-filled nuts.

    Pecans will not tolerate salts in soils or in irrigation water.

    When pruning, the aim is to train trees to a central leader with strong lateral branching.

    Plant your pecan in soil that is at least 2 m deep.

    Plant your pecan in spring.

    The common planting spaces for growers are 10 x 10m or setting plants out in hedge like rows, using much closer distances of 10 x 5m.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre Plant

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 10-12 cups (2.4kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 3kg/site

    Comments:  Apply 2-4 months prior to planting to an area 2m across at each site and incorporate to about 15cm deep.


    Stage: Young & Mature Trees

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 0.75 - 9kg

    Commercial Use: 0.75 - 9kg

    Comments: No fertilising is required until the following spring after planting eg. Approx. 12-14 months after field planting. Apply fertiliser late winter/early spring and repeat again in mid/late summer.

    Apply 750g per tree with every year of growth this rate should increase by an additional 750g until a maximum of 9kg is reached (by the 12th year of age). High rates are required by very large fruiting trees such as the pecan.

    Pecan trees often suffer from zinc deficiency and may require a spray application of zinc sulfate every 2-4 weeks in the spring and early summer.


Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.