Hazelnut

Hazelnut

Native to Europe and Western Asia, the hazelnut is a deciduous, moderately vigorous small tree or shrub that naturally inhabits river edges amongst the dense forests of cool climate regions. The hazelnut generally maintains an upright shape with a rounded head, displaying dark green foliage that turns magnificent red in autumn. The fruit is a spherical to oval nut with an outer fibrous husk surrounding a smooth shell. The nuts form in clusters of up to half a dozen, each nut is held in a short leafy husk which encloses the majority of the nut. The rust brown nut falls out of the husk when ripe.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Hazelnut requires a temperate climate with cool winters and mild summers.

    Prefers full sun, tolerates shade quite well.

    Grows best when planted in well drained, loamy soils. Avoid planting in heavy clay and sandy soils.

    Plants need long periods of chilling for proper fruit set and reliable yields (approx. 1200hrs).

    Rather cold hardy, but its late winter- early spring flowers may be damaged by heavy frosts.

    Protect from strong winds and support hazelnuts with stakes as their shallow root system means that they are vulnerable to being blown over.

    Hazelnut requires moist soil. Use mulch during the warmer months to retain moisture around the shallow root system.

    Plants are fairly wind tolerant but dislikes hot winds.

    Supplementary irrigation whilst young plants properly become established will improve the long term health and growth of your hazelnuts.

    Plants are self fertile, but it is preferable to plant several varieties to allow for good cross pollination amongst the trees, giving better quality crops.

    Traditional orchard layout consists of planting distances 6 x 6m.
     
    Plant out in late spring or early summer.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre-plant

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 1¼-3¾ cups (250-750g)

    Commercial Use: Up to 750g

    Comments: Apply one month prior to planting to an area 2m across at each site and incorporate to about 15cm deep.

     

    Stage: Young/Mature

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 2-20 cups (0.4-4kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 4kg

    Comments: Increase the rates each year by 400g up to the maximum of 4kg per tree by the 10th year of the plant’s age. Apply twice a year, once in spring and again late summer/early autumn. 

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.