Grape

Grape

Grapes are one of the oldest cultivated fruits with viticulture history dating as far back as the Early Bronze Age 3200 BC. The grape vine is a deciduous, perennial, woody climbing plant which produces small round or oval shaped berries that contain both a sweet and tart flavour, they consist of a jelly-like, semi-translucent flesh that is encased inside a smooth skin. Grapes grow in clusters, anything from half a dozen to 300 in a single bunch and they vary considerably in colour, from a pale yellow to light green, light reddish pink to crimson, dark blue and purple black.



  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    When grown as an ornamental, they look absolutely magic as they can form a leafy wall or decorate a fence providing a nice summer screen. They can also be used to arch a walkway, or smother a patio cover with the fruits hanging down creating that wonderful Mediterranean effect.

    Grapes are tolerant to various soil types, but do best in deep, well drained soils. Make sure to keep clear from heavy clay soils as plants will suffer.

    Grape production will prosper when in soil that is average in fertility, as too rich a soil encourages abundant vegetative growth at the cost of fruit yields.

    Most varieties of grape prefer low humidity. Therefore, areas of high humidity may be a limiting factor to fruit development.

    Slopes and hillsides are the desired option over flat ground as they offer better drainage.

    North facing slopes are preferred as vines receive longer hours of sunlight, resulting in an advanced harvest time.

    Young grape vines should be watered deeply and infrequently for the first two years during summer to encourage deep root growth.

    Once established, the vines are rather tolerant to droughty sites and will require little irrigation.

    Retain a basic framework and remove long runners to keep plants compact and under control.

    Young vines should be planted 1.8m apart with rows separated at least 2m.

    Planting is generally performed in late winter to early spring using dormant vines.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Planting  

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 1 ¼-3¾ cups (250-750g)

    Commercial Use: 250-750g

    Comments: Mix in thoroughly with soil in the bottom of the hole before placing vine on top.

     

    Stage: Young & Bearing Vines

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: ¼ - ½ cup (60-100g)

    Commercial Use: 800 - 1200kg/Ha or Up to 120g per vine

    Comments: Apply in late winter before bud burst. Lesser amounts should be used on young vines and adjust accordingly with plant growth and age.  Broadcast in 0.6-0.9m bands, keeping 30cm from the vine’s trunk.

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.