Garcinia are small tropical evergreen trees or shrubs, with a dense pyramid shaped canopy exhibiting attractive foliage, clusters of creamy white flowers and bears highly prized fruits that are cultivated throughout India, Southeast Asia, Northern Australia, the Amazonian rainforests of South America and the warm humid regions of South Africa. The fruits are best described as round and egg shaped with each variety offering their own unique colour and slight taste variance. The fruit inner contains an aromatic yellowish to creamy white fleshy pulp that is considered as being both, sweet and tart, somewhat similar to that of a passionfruit but with a subtle melting sorbet like finish.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Garcinia is quite adaptable to different soils but does best in well drained soil with rich organic matter, especially sandy loams. Sandy alluvial soils and low humus earth should be avoided as it usually reduces yields.

    Provide generous amounts of water. The most successful Garcinia trees have been observed alongside waterways such as lakes, ponds, swamps and creeks where the plants are subject to conditions considered too wet for other fruit trees.

    The key to growing luscious trees is consistent warm weather with the optimum temperature being between 25 - 35°C.

    Prefers partial shade as the leaves succumb to sun damage. Once the plant reaches 1m it can be placed in more sunlight.

    It is a true tropical plant and therefore needs to be in a location that is frost free.

    Windbreaks are recommended to protect trees from wind exposure and to improve yields. Coastal areas should be avoided due to excessive winds and salty breezes.

    Typically, the size for planting holes of juvenile Garcinia trees is 60x60x60cm in fertile soils, and 1x1x1m in poor soils.

    Commercial growers can plant trees at 6m apart within the row and 8m between rows. Home Gardeners are recommended to plant at 8 x 10m. For sowing seeds, given the seedbed is 1m wide x 3m long, sow seeds around 5-10cm deep and 2-3cm apart in the row with a distance of 10cm between each row.

    Plant at the onset of the wet season.

    Mulching is also performed after the wet season and is spread in a 2m band.

    Deep rigging is suggested for soils that are compact to ensure better root penetration.

    Prune out dominant side branches or suckers to promote a much denser, compact tree.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Pre-plant

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 1 cup (200g/site)

    Commercial Use: Up to 400g/site

    Comments: During the soil preparation stage, mix in fertiliser well, prior to planting. This is optional as fertiliser requirements are low for this fruit species and is probably not necessary to apply prior to planting.


    Stage: Years 1-2

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets, Dinofert Standard Granular

    Gardener Use: 3 cups (600g)

    Commercial Use: Up to 1kg


    Stage: Years 3-4

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets, Dinofert Standard Granular

    Gardener Use: 6 cups (1.2kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 1.8kg


    Stage: Years 5-6

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets, Dinofert Standard Granular

    Gardener Use: 9 cups (1.8kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 2.2kg

    Comments: First application should commence 3 months after planting. After this, plants should be fertilised at the suggested intervals - Late Winter, Late Spring, Mid Summer and Mid Autumn.

    Commercial growers should apply slightly higher rates to increase vigour and growth. Higher rates may also decrease the juvenile period from six to four years. The slow growth of this species may also be overcome by alternating between granular based organic fertilisers and monthly foliar applications.


    Stage: Mature Trees

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 11 cups (2.2kg)

    Commercial Use: 2.5-3kg

    Comments: Apply fertiliser every 6 months. The first application should be provided 1 month before flowering, with the second being 2 months after fruit set. You may need to use foliar applications of zinc and iron in conjunction with organic poultry manure to correct any deficiencies in fruit bearing trees.


Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.