Dragonfruit

Dragonfruit

Native to Central America, the Dragon Fruit is a fast growing, perennial, epiphytic, vine- like cacti that displays lovely ornamental flowers and produces stunning, intensely coloured fruit. Dragon fruit consist of triangular green, fleshy, jointed, many-branched stems which can reach lengths of 5-6m. From these long stems the plant bears fleshy edible fruits that are large, rounded and thick (10-12cm), ranging from bright pink in colour to crimson or red with fleshy green scales. The inside consists of a white, red or magenta coloured pulp with many small black embedded seeds.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    The dragon fruit prefers tropical and subtropical climates that are mostly free from frosts and freezes.

    As a member of the cactus family, dragon fruit are a full sunlight crop.

    The dragon fruit appears to tolerate wind, drought and slightly saline conditions.

    Can handle poor soils, but prefers free draining soil with sandy to clay loam types and high organic matter. Preferably, soils should be 10-30% sand content for dragon fruit. Avoid waterlogged soils.

    Use mulch for root protection during hot summer weather.

    Irrigation is critical during fertiliser applications and fruiting. If your dragon fruit does not receive enough water during fruiting it may result in abnormal splitting of fruit.

    Planting dragon fruit generally involves a support post such as a trellis or wooden frame where a single stem is grown up the post and then allowed to branch down and over the frame.

    Dragon fruits are large and spreading, so it is best to plant 4.5-6m away from trees, electrical lines or other structures. For commercial growers, plant 3m between posts and 4.5m between rows.

    Ensure high quality fruit production by planting several varieties to allow for cross pollination between types to assure you better fruit set and size.

    Prune shortly after harvest to obtain an open, manageable and productive umbrella shaped canopy.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: First Year

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 1-1½cups (200-300g)

    Commercial Use: 300g

    Comments: Wait until 2 months after planting before giving your dragon fruit tree its first application. After the first application, fertilisation should remain frequent (every 2 months) using the light applications as mentioned above.

     

    Stage: 2nd-3rd Year

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 1½- 2¼ cups (300-450g)

    Commercial Use: 350-550g  

    Comments: Gradually increase the fertiliser with each application to the maximum amount. Apply around the base, but do not spread directly against the main stem of the dragon fruit. Applications should be carried out every 2 months. Commercial growers can alter rates to slightly higher for greater fruit yields.

     

    Stage: Following Years

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 6-9 cups (1.2-1.8kg)

    Commercial Use: 1.4-2.2kg

    Comments: Apply twice during the year, that is, in spring and again in autumn around the base of the stem.

     

     

     

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.