A ubiquitous sight within many tropical and subtropical regions, the coconut is a relatively large fruiting palm that is native to the coastal areas of Southeast Asia and Melanesia. Arguably the most beautiful of palms, the coconut has a leaning slender trunk with a heavy canopy of fronds, attaining heights in excess of 20m. The large dry drupes (known as coconuts) form in clusters near the base of the fronds and are ovoid in shape with a green, yellow or bronze-gold coloured husk which turns brown once fully matured. Within the husk is a hard shell which contains the white fleshy edible part (kernel) of the coconut.  This white fleshy interior surrounds a hollow space filled with air and a naturally sweet liquid known as coconut water.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Coconut palms require year round warm conditions for successful growth, and are intolerant of cold weather.
    Optimum growth is with a mean annual temperature of 27 °C, with growth being reduced if temperatures drop below 21 °C.
    Coconuts also rely on climates that offer high humidity (70-80% plus) for optimal growth.

    Require a frost free environment.

    Adaptable to many soil types and can be grown inland as long as adequate drainage is provided. Coarse sand is its natural habitat.

    Coconuts can tolerate extreme force winds.

    Coconuts handle drought very poorly.

    Give plenty of water and water plants regularly.

    Will handle brief flooding associated with tropical storms.

    Set palms at 7.5m apart in all directions.

    Provide netting around fruit clusters as falling coconuts present a serious danger to both humans and animals.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Fertiliser Usage

    Stage: 1 Year

    April - May: 1-1.6kg

    August - September: 1-1.6kg

    December: 1-1.6kg

    February - March: 1-1.6kg


    Stage: 2 Years

    April - May: 2-3.2kg

    August - September: 2-3.2kg

    December: 2-3.2kg

    February - March: 2-3.2kg


    Stage: 3+ Years

    April - May: 3.6-5kg

    August - September: 3.6-5kg

    December: 3.6-5kg

    February - March: 3.6-5kg


    Stage: Fruiting

    April - May: Up to 6.2kg

    August - September: Up to 6.2kg

    December: Up to 6.2kg

    February - March: Up to 6.2kg


    Comments: Under irrigated conditions the fertiliser can be applied as above in 4 applications. Otherwise, apply fertiliser as one single dose at an amount that is equal to 2 applications and water in well. When spreading around adult palms, ensure that it is applied at a radius of 2m from the base of the palm or to the outside of the root ball. You may want to spread at 0.5-0.75m wide and incorporate to a depth of 10cm.


Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.