Chestnut

Chestnut

Indigenous to the temperate regions of Asia, Europe and America, the Chestnut is a relatively large, fast growing, deciduous tree that displays large lance shaped green leaves and masses of small, heavily scented cream flowers. In autumn, the female flowers develop into large edible seeds known as chestnuts which are encased in prickly burrs. As the nut ripens, the outer burr splits, freeing the chestnut to the ground.

  • Plant & Growing Tips:

    Prefers well draining soils such as light sandy and medium loam soil. Avoid heavy or clay soils. Chestnuts will also grow in nutritionally poor soils but it is not recommended.

    Plant after the last frost date (early spring) at the nursery level and apply a good watering (use at least 10L) directly after placing in hole.

    Enjoys a full sun location and will not do well in shade.

    Provide effective shelter from strong prevailing winds.

    Requires a winter chill for proper fruit set.

    Yields will be affected significantly if trees are touching in mass plantations or orchards.

    It is rather tolerant to drought. However, plants will crop better with an even watering distribution throughout the year. Chestnuts require regular irrigation during the growing period.

    Mulch will protect young plants from extremes of heat, cold, drought, and weed competition.

    Seldom needs pruning as fruit is produced on current year’s growth. Although, for the first few years, trees should be trained to a central leader. Once well established (4yrs) prune all branches below 1.8m to the ground.

    Chestnuts spread out and grow rather large requiring at a spacing of at least 7-10m between trees.

    Fencing protection may be required as nuts, sprouts and young trees are attractive for rabbits, wild deer and wallabies.

  • Fertiliser Applications:

    Stage: Young Trees (<3yrs)

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 4-6 cups (0.8-1.2kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 1.4kg

    Comments: Do not place fertilizer in the planting hole as it can burn the sensitive roots. Blend in the first application lightly into soil in early-mid spring along the tree canopy. Feed again in early autumn to boost nut yields. Divide the above rates so that half is applied in spring and the second half at autumn.

    Increase the application amount by ½ in the second year, and double the rates for the third year of the plants age.

     

    Stage: Mature Trees (4+yrs)

    Product: Dinofert Organic Fertiliser, Dinofert Standard Pellets

    Gardener Use: 15-20 cups (3-4kg)

    Commercial Use: Up to 5kg

    Comments: Spread evenly around the tree canopy and mix in well with soil.

Disclaimer

Please note that the above information and recommendations are provided in good faith and are given without liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of their application. Optimum response to fertilisers will only be achieved when weeds, insect pests and diseases are controlled and adequate soil water is available.

Fertiliser use recommendations are presented as a practical guide to good agronomic practice under most situations. Local soil, climatic and other conditions should also be taken into account as these could affect plant response to fertiliser rates and applications.

For further information we recommend you seek advice from your local agronomist.